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BASE - Definiția din dicționar

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Base (b&ā;s), a. [OE. bass, F. bas, low, fr. LL. bassus thick, fat, short, humble; cf. L. Bassus, a proper name, and W. bas shallow. Cf. Bass a part in music.] 1. Of little, or less than the usual, height; of low growth; as, base shrubs. [Archaic] Shak.
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2. Low in place or position. [Obs.] Shak.
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3. Of humble birth; or low degree; lowly; mean. [Archaic]A peasant and base swain.” Bacon.
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4. Illegitimate by birth; bastard. [Archaic]
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Why bastard? wherefore base? Shak.
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5. Of little comparative value, as metal inferior to gold and silver, the precious metals.
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6. Alloyed with inferior metal; debased; as, base coin; base bullion.
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7. Morally low. Hence: Low-minded; unworthy; without dignity of sentiment; ignoble; mean; illiberal; menial; as, a base fellow; base motives; base occupations.A cruel act of a base and a cowardish mind.” Robynson (More's Utopia).Base ingratitude.” Milton.
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8. Not classical or correct.Base Latin.” Fuller.
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9. Deep or grave in sound; as, the base tone of a violin. [In this sense, commonly written bass.]
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10. (Law) Not held by honorable service; as, a base estate, one held by services not honorable; held by villenage. Such a tenure is called base, or low, and the tenant, a base tenant.
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Base fee, formerly, an estate held at the will of the lord; now, a qualified fee. See note under Fee, n., 4. -- Base metal. See under Metal.
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Syn. -- Dishonorable; worthless; ignoble; low-minded; infamous; sordid; degraded. -- Base, Vile, Mean. These words, as expressing moral qualities, are here arranged in the order of their strength, the strongest being placed first. Base marks a high degree of moral turpitude; vile and mean denote, in different degrees, the lack of what is valuable or worthy of esteem. What is base excites our abhorrence; what is vile provokes our disgust or indignation; what is mean awakens contempt. Base is opposed to high-minded; vile, to noble; mean, to liberal or generous. Ingratitude is base; sycophancy is vile; undue compliances are mean.
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Base, n. [F. base, L. basis, fr. Gr. ba`sis a stepping, step, a base, pedestal, fr. bai`nein to go, step, akin to E. come. Cf. Basis, and see Come.] 1. The bottom of anything, considered as its support, or that on which something rests for support; the foundation; as, the base of a statue.The base of mighty mountains.” Prescott.
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2. Fig.: The fundamental or essential part of a thing; the essential principle; a groundwork.
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3. (Arch.) (a) The lower part of a wall, pier, or column, when treated as a separate feature, usually in projection, or especially ornamented. (b) The lower part of a complete architectural design, as of a monument; also, the lower part of any elaborate piece of furniture or decoration.
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4. (Bot.) That extremity of a leaf, fruit, etc., at which it is attached to its support.
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5. (Chem.) The positive, or non-acid component of a salt; a substance which, combined with an acid, neutralizes the latter and forms a salt; -- applied also to the hydroxides of the positive elements or radicals, and to certain organic bodies resembling them in their property of forming salts with acids.
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6. (Pharmacy) The chief ingredient in a compound.
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7. (Dyeing) A substance used as a mordant. Ure.
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8. (Fort.) The exterior side of the polygon, or that imaginary line which connects the salient angles of two adjacent bastions.
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9. (Geom.) The line or surface constituting that part of a figure on which it is supposed to stand.
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10. (Math.) The number from which a mathematical table is constructed; as, the base of a system of logarithms.
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11. [See Base low.] A low, or deep, sound. (Mus.) (a) The lowest part; the deepest male voice. (b) One who sings, or the instrument which plays, base. [Now commonly written bass.]
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The trebles squeak for fear, the bases roar. Dryden.
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12. (Mil.) A place or tract of country, protected by fortifications, or by natural advantages, from which the operations of an army proceed, forward movements are made, supplies are furnished, etc.
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13. (Mil.) The smallest kind of cannon. [Obs.]
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14. (Zo&ö;l.) That part of an organ by which it is attached to another more central organ.
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15. (Crystallog.) The basal plane of a crystal.
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16. (Geol.) The ground mass of a rock, especially if not distinctly crystalline.
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17. (Her.) The lower part of the field. See Escutcheon.
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18. The housing of a horse. [Obs.]
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19. pl. A kind of skirt (often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armor) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower. [Obs.]
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20. The lower part of a robe or petticoat. [Obs.]
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21. An apron. [Obs.]Bakers in their linen bases.” Marston.
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22. The point or line from which a start is made; a starting place or a goal in various games.
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To their appointed base they went. Dryden.
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23. (Surv.) A line in a survey which, being accurately determined in length and position, serves as the origin from which to compute the distances and positions of any points or objects connected with it by a system of triangles. Lyman.
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24. A rustic play; -- called also prisoner's base, prison base, or bars.To run the country base.” Shak.
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25. (Baseball) Any one of the four bounds which mark the circuit of the infield.
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Altern base. See under Altern. -- Attic base. (Arch.) See under Attic. -- Base course. (Arch.) (a) The first or lower course of a foundation wall, made of large stones or a mass of concrete; -- called also foundation course. (b) The architectural member forming the transition between the basement and the wall above. -- Base hit (Baseball), a hit, by which the batsman, without any error on the part of his opponents, is able to reach the first base without being put out. -- Base line. (a) A main line taken as a base, as in surveying or in military operations. (b) A line traced round a cannon at the rear of the vent. -- Base plate, the foundation plate of heavy machinery, as of the steam engine; the bed plate. -- Base ring (Ordnance), a projecting band of metal around the breech, connected with the body of the gun by a concave molding. H. L. Scott.
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Base (b&ā;s), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Based (b&ā;sd); p. pr. & vb. n. Basing.] [From Base, n.] To put on a base or basis; to lay the foundation of; to found, as an argument or conclusion; -- used with on or upon. Bacon.
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Base, v. t. [See Base, a., and cf. Abase.] 1. To abase; to let, or cast, down; to lower. [Obs.]
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If any . . . based his pike. Sir T. North.
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2. To reduce the value of; to debase. [Obs.]
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Metals which we can not base. Bacon.
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