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BOTTOM - Definiția din dicționar

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Bot"tom (bŏt"tŭm), n. [OE. botum, botme, AS. botm; akin to OS. bodom, D. bodem, OHG. podam, G. boden, Icel. botn, Sw. botten, Dan. bund (for budn), L. fundus (for fudnus), Gr. pyqmh`n (for fyqmh`n), Skr. budhna (for bhudhna), and Ir. bonn sole of the foot, W. bon stem, base. √257. Cf. 4th Found, Fund, n.] 1. The lowest part of anything; the foot; as, the bottom of a tree or well; the bottom of a hill, a lane, or a page.
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Or dive into the bottom of the deep. Shak.
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2. The part of anything which is beneath the contents and supports them, as the part of a chair on which a person sits, the circular base or lower head of a cask or tub, or the plank floor of a ship's hold; the under surface.
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Barrels with the bottom knocked out. Macaulay.
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No two chairs were alike; such high backs and low backs and leather bottoms and worsted bottoms. W. Irving.
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3. That upon which anything rests or is founded, in a literal or a figurative sense; foundation; groundwork.
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4. The bed of a body of water, as of a river, lake, sea.
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5. The fundament; the buttocks.
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6. An abyss. [Obs.] Dryden.
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7. Low land formed by alluvial deposits along a river; low-lying ground; a dale; a valley.The bottoms and the high grounds.” Stoddard.
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8. (Naut.) The part of a ship which is ordinarily under water; hence, the vessel itself; a ship.
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My ventures are not in one bottom trusted. Shak.
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Not to sell the teas, but to return them to London in the
same bottoms in which they were shipped.
Bancroft.
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Full bottom, a hull of such shape as permits carrying a large amount of merchandise.
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9. Power of endurance; as, a horse of a good bottom.
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10. Dregs or grounds; lees; sediment. Johnson.
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At bottom, At the bottom, at the foundation or basis; in reality.He was at the bottom a good man.” J. F. Cooper. -- To be at the bottom of, to be the cause or originator of; to be the source of. [Usually in an opprobrious sense.] J. H. Newman.
[1913 Webster]He was at the bottom of many excellent counsels. Addison.
[1913 Webster] -- To go to the bottom, to sink; esp. to be wrecked. -- To touch bottom, to reach the lowest point; to find something on which to rest.

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Bot"tom, a. Of or pertaining to the bottom; fundamental; lowest; under; as, bottom rock; the bottom board of a wagon box; bottom prices.
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Bottom glade, a low glade or open place; a valley; a dale. Milton.
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-- Bottom grass, grass growing on bottom lands. -- Bottom land. See 1st Bottom, n., 7.
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Bot"tom, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Bottomed (&unr_;); p. pr. & vb. n. Bottoming.]
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1. To found or build upon; to fix upon as a support; -- followed by on or upon.
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Action is supposed to be bottomed upon principle. Atterbury.
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Those false and deceiving grounds upon which many bottom their eternal state]. South.
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2. To furnish with a bottom; as, to bottom a chair.
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3. To reach or get to the bottom of. Smiles.
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Bot"tom, v. i. 1. To rest, as upon an ultimate support; to be based or grounded; -- usually with on or upon.
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Find on what foundation any proposition bottoms. Locke.
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2. To reach or impinge against the bottom, so as to impede free action, as when the point of a cog strikes the bottom of a space between two other cogs, or a piston the end of a cylinder.
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Bot"tom, n. [OE. botme, perh. corrupt. for button. See Button.] A ball or skein of thread; a cocoon. [Obs.]
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Silkworms finish their bottoms in . . . fifteen days. Mortimer.
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Bot"tom, v. t. To wind round something, as in making a ball of thread. [Obs.]
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As you unwind her love from him,
Lest it should ravel and be good to none,
You must provide to bottom it on me.
Shak.
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