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FOR - Definiția din dicționar

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For (?), prep. [AS. for, fore; akin to OS. for, fora, furi, D. voor, OHG. fora, G. vor, OHG. furi, G. f&ü;r, Icel. fyrir, Sw. f&ö;r, Dan. for, adv. f&ö;r, Goth. faúr, faúra, L. pro, Gr. &unr_;, Skr. pra-. √ 202. Cf. Fore, First, Foremost, Forth, Pro-.] In the most general sense, indicating that in consideration of, in view of, or with reference to, which anything is done or takes place.
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1. Indicating the antecedent cause or occasion of an action; the motive or inducement accompanying and prompting to an act or state; the reason of anything; that on account of which a thing is or is done.
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With fiery eyes sparkling for very wrath. Shak.
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How to choose dogs for scent or speed. Waller.
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Now, for so many glorious actions done,
For peace at home, and for the public wealth,
I mean to crown a bowl for Cæsar's health.
Dryden.
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That which we, for our unworthiness, are afraid to crave, our prayer is, that God, for the worthiness of his Son, would, notwithstanding, vouchsafe to grant. Hooker.
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2. Indicating the remoter and indirect object of an act; the end or final cause with reference to which anything is, acts, serves, or is done.
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The oak for nothing ill,
The osier good for twigs, the poplar for the mill.
Spenser.
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It was young counsel for the persons, and violent counsel for the matters. Bacon.
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Shall I think the worls was made for one,
And men are born for kings, as beasts for men,
Not for protection, but to be devoured?
Dryden.
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For he writes not for money, nor for praise. Denham.
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3. Indicating that in favor of which, or in promoting which, anything is, or is done; hence, in behalf of; in favor of; on the side of; -- opposed to against.
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We can do nothing against the truth, but for the truth. 2 Cor. xiii. 8.
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It is for the general good of human society, and consequently of particular persons, to be true and just; and it is for men's health to be temperate. Tillotson.
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Aristotle is for poetical justice. Dennis.
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4. Indicating that toward which the action of anything is directed, or the point toward which motion is made; &unr_;ntending to go to.
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We sailed from Peru for China and Japan. Bacon.
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5. Indicating that on place of or instead of which anything acts or serves, or that to which a substitute, an equivalent, a compensation, or the like, is offered or made; instead of, or place of.
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And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot. Ex. xxi. 23, 24.
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6. Indicating that in the character of or as being which anything is regarded or treated; to be, or as being.
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We take a falling meteor for a star. Cowley.
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If a man can be fully assured of anything for a truth, without having examined, what is there that he may not embrace for tru&unr_;? Locke.
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Most of our ingenious young men take up some cried-up English poet for their model. Dryden.
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But let her go for an ungrateful woman. Philips.
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7. Indicating that instead of which something else controls in the performing of an action, or that in spite of which anything is done, occurs, or is; hence, equivalent to notwithstanding, in spite of; -- generally followed by all, aught, anything, etc.
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The writer will do what she please for all me. Spectator.
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God's desertion shall, for aught he knows, the next minute supervene. Dr. H. More.
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For anything that legally appears to the contrary, it may be a contrivance to fright us. Swift.
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8. Indicating the space or time through which an action or state extends; hence, during; in or through the space or time of.
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For many miles about
There 's scarce a bush.
Shak.
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Since, hired for life, thy servile muse sing. prior.
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To guide the sun's bright chariot for a day. Garth.
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9. Indicating that in prevention of which, or through fear of which, anything is done. [Obs.]
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We 'll have a bib, for spoiling of thy doublet. Beau. & Fl.
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For, or As for, so far as concerns; as regards; with reference to; -- used parenthetically or independently. See under As.
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[1913 Webster]For me, my stormy voyage at an end,
I to the port of death securely tend.
Dryden.-- For all that, notwithstanding; in spite of. -- For all the world, wholly; exactly.Whose posy was, for all the world, like cutlers' poetry.” Shak. -- For as much as, or Forasmuch as, in consideration that; seeing that; since. -- For by. See Forby, adv. -- For ever, eternally; at all times. See Forever. -- For me, or For all me, as far as regards me. -- For my life, or For the life of me, if my life depended on it. [Colloq.] T. Hook. -- For that, For the reason that, because; since. [Obs.]For that I love your daughter.” Shak. -- For thy, or Forthy [AS. forð&ymacr_;.], for this; on this account. [Obs.] “Thomalin, have no care for thy.” Spenser. -- For to, as sign of infinitive, in order to; to the end of. [Obs., except as sometimes heard in illiterate speech.] -- “What went ye out for to see?” Luke vii. 25. See To, prep., 4. -- O for, would that I had; may there be granted; -- elliptically expressing desire or prayer.O for a muse of fire.” Shak. -- Were it not for, or If it were not for, leaving out of account; but for the presence or action of.Moral consideration can no way move the sensible appetite, were it not for the will.” Sir M. Hale.

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For (?), conj. 1. Because; by reason that; for that; indicating, in Old English, the reason of anything.
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And for of long that way had walkéd none,
The vault was hid with plants and bushes hoar.
Fairfax.
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And Heaven defend your good souls, that you think
I will your serious and great business scant,
For she with me.
Shak.
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2. Since; because; introducing a reason of something before advanced, a cause, motive, explanation, justification, or the like, of an action related or a statement made. It is logically nearly equivalent to since, or because, but connects less closely, and is sometimes used as a very general introduction to something suggested by what has gone before.
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Give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good; for his mercy endureth forever. Ps. cxxxvi. 1.
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Heaven doth with us as we with torches do,
Not light them for themselves; for if our virtues
Did not go forth of us, 't were all alike
As if we had them not.
Shak.
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For because, because. [Obs.]Nor for because they set less store by their own citizens.” Robynson (More's Utopia). -- For why. (a) Why; for that reason; wherefore. [Obs.] (b) Because. [Obs.] See Forwhy.

Syn. -- See Because.
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For, n. One who takes, or that which is said on, the affrimative side; that which is said in favor of some one or something; -- the antithesis of against, and commonly used in connection with it.
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The fors and against. those in favor and those opposed; the pros and the cons; the advantages and the disadvantages. Jane Austen.
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