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Ex*per"i*ment (?), n. [L. experimentum, fr. experiri to try: cf. OF. esperiment, experiment. See Experience.] 1. A trial or special observation, made to confirm or disprove something uncertain; esp., one under controlled conditions determined by the experimenter; an act or operation undertaken in order to discover some unknown principle or effect, or to test, establish, or illustrate some hypothesis, theory, or known truth; practical test; proof.
A political experiment can not be made in a laboratory, nor determined in a few hours. J. Adams.
2. Experience. [Obs.]
Adam, by sad experiment I know Milton.
How little weight my words with thee can find.
Ex*per"i*ment (ĕks*pĕr"ĭ*m&eitalic_;nt), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Experimented; p. pr. & vb. n. Experinenting.] To make experiment; to operate by test or trial; -- often with on, upon, or in, referring to the subject of an experiment; with, referring to the instrument; and by, referring to the means; as, to experiment upon electricity; he experimented in plowing with ponies, or by steam power.
Ex*per"i*ment, v. t. To try; to know, perceive, or prove, by trial or experience. [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert.