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ARCH - Definiția din dicționar

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Arch (&ä;rch), n. [F. arche, fr. LL. arca, for arcus. See Arc.] 1. (Geom.) Any part of a curved line.
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2. (Arch.) (a) Usually a curved member made up of separate wedge-shaped solids, with the joints between them disposed in the direction of the radii of the curve; used to support the wall or other weight above an opening. In this sense arches are segmental, round (i. e., semîular), or pointed. (b) A flat arch is a member constructed of stones cut into wedges or other shapes so as to support each other without rising in a curve.
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&hand_; Scientifically considered, the arch is a means of spanning an opening by resolving vertical pressure into horizontal or diagonal thrust.
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3. Any place covered by an arch; an archway; as, to pass into the arch of a bridge.
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4. Any curvature in the form of an arch; as, the arch of the aorta.Colors of the showery arch.” Milton.
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Triumphal arch, a monumental structure resembling an arched gateway, with one or more passages, erected to commemorate a triumph.
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Arch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Arched (&ä;rcht); p. pr. & vb. n. Arching.] 1. To cover with an arch or arches.
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2. To form or bend into the shape of an arch.
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The horse arched his neck. Charlesworth.
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Arch, v. i. To form into an arch; to curve.
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Arch (&ä;rch), a. [See Arch-, pref.] 1. Chief; eminent; greatest; principal.
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The most arch act of piteous massacre. Shak.
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2. Cunning or sly; sportively mischievous; roguish; as, an arch look, word, lad.
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[He] spoke his request with so arch a leer. Tatler.
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Arch, n. [See Arch-, pref.] A chief. [Obs.]
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My worthy arch and patron comes to-night. Shak.
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