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PENANCE - Definiția din dicționar

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Pen"ance (?), n. [OF. penance, peneance, L. paenitentia repentance. See Penitence.] 1. Repentance. [Obs.] Wyclif (Luke xv. 7).
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2. Pain; sorrow; suffering. [Obs.]Joy or penance he feeleth none.” Chaucer.
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3. (Eccl.) A means of repairing a sin committed, and obtaining pardon for it, consisting partly in the performance of expiatory rites, partly in voluntary submission to a punishment corresponding to the transgression, imposed by a confessor or other ecclesiastical authority. Penance is the fourth of seven sacraments in the Roman Catholic Church. Schaff-Herzog Encyc.
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And bitter penance, with an iron whip. Spenser.
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Quoth he, “The man hath penance done,
And penance more will do.”
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4. Hence: Any act performed by a person to atone for an offense to another; an act of atonement. [Colloq.]


Pen"ance, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Penanced (?).] To impose penance; to punish.Some penanced lady elf.” Keats.
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