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TAKE - Definiția din dicționar

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Take (t&ā;k), obs. p. p. of Take. Taken. Chaucer.
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Take, v. t. [imp. Took (t&oobreve_;k); p. p. Taken (t&ā;k'n); p. pr. & vb. n. Taking.] [Icel. taka; akin to Sw. taga, Dan. tage, Goth. t&ē;kan to touch; of uncertain origin.] 1. In an active sense; To lay hold of; to seize with the hands, or otherwise; to grasp; to get into one's hold or possession; to procure; to seize and carry away; to convey. Hence, specifically: --
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(a) To obtain possession of by force or artifice; to get the custody or control of; to reduce into subjection to one's power or will; to capture; to seize; to make prisoner; as, to take an army, a city, or a ship; also, to come upon or befall; to fasten on; to attack; to seize; -- said of a disease, misfortune, or the like.
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This man was taken of the Jews. Acts xxiii. 27.
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Men in their loose, unguarded hours they take;
Not that themselves are wise, but others weak.
Pope.
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They that come abroad after these showers are commonly taken with sickness. Bacon.
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There he blasts the tree and takes the cattle
And makes milch kine yield blood.
Shak.
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(b) To gain or secure the interest or affection of; to captivate; to engage; to interest; to charm.
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Neither let her take thee with her eyelids. Prov. vi. 25.
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Cleombroutus was so taken with this prospect, that he had no patience. Wake.
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I know not why, but there was a something in those half-seen features, -- a charm in the very shadow that hung over their imagined beauty, -- which took me more than all the outshining loveliness of her companions. Moore.
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(c) To make selection of; to choose; also, to turn to; to have recourse to; as, to take the road to the right.
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Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken. 1 Sam. xiv. 42.
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The violence of storming is the course which God is forced to take for the destroying . . . of sinners. Hammond.
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(d) To employ; to use; to occupy; hence, to demand; to require; as, it takes so much cloth to make a coat; it takes five hours to get to Boston from New York by car.
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This man always takes time . . . before he passes his judgments. I. Watts.
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(e) To form a likeness of; to copy; to delineate; to picture; as, to take a picture of a person.
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Beauty alone could beauty take so right. Dryden.
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(f) To draw; to deduce; to derive. [R.]
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The firm belief of a future judgment is the most forcible motive to a good life, because taken from this consideration of the most lasting happiness and misery. Tillotson.
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(g) To assume; to adopt; to acquire, as shape; to permit to one's self; to indulge or engage in; to yield to; to have or feel; to enjoy or experience, as rest, revenge, delight, shame; to form and adopt, as a resolution; -- used in general senses, limited by a following complement, in many idiomatic phrases; as, to take a resolution; I take the liberty to say.
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(h) To lead; to conduct; as, to take a child to church.
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(i) To carry; to convey; to deliver to another; to hand over; as, he took the book to the bindery; he took a dictionary with him.
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He took me certain gold, I wot it well. Chaucer.
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(k) To remove; to withdraw; to deduct; -- with from; as, to take the breath from one; to take two from four.
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2. In a somewhat passive sense, to receive; to bear; to endure; to acknowledge; to accept. Specifically: --
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(a) To accept, as something offered; to receive; not to refuse or reject; to admit.
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Ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer. Num. xxxv. 31.
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Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore. 1 Tim. v. 10.
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(b) To receive as something to be eaten or drunk; to partake of; to swallow; as, to take food or wine.
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(c) Not to refuse or balk at; to undertake readily; to clear; as, to take a hedge or fence.
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(d) To bear without ill humor or resentment; to submit to; to tolerate; to endure; as, to take a joke; he will take an affront from no man.
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(e) To admit, as, something presented to the mind; not to dispute; to allow; to accept; to receive in thought; to entertain in opinion; to understand; to interpret; to regard or look upon; to consider; to suppose; as, to take a thing for granted; this I take to be man's motive; to take men for spies.
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You take me right. Bacon.
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Charity, taken in its largest extent, is nothing else but the science love of God and our neighbor. Wake.
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[He] took that for virtue and affection which was nothing but vice in a disguise. South.
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You'd doubt his sex, and take him for a girl. Tate.
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(f) To accept the word or offer of; to receive and accept; to bear; to submit to; to enter into agreement with; -- used in general senses; as, to take a form or shape.
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I take thee at thy word. Rowe.
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Yet thy moist clay is pliant to command; . . .
Not take the mold.
Dryden.
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3. To make a picture, photograph, or the like, of; as, to take a group or a scene. [Colloq.]
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4. To give or deliver (a blow to); to strike; hit; as, he took me in the face; he took me a blow on the head. [Obs. exc. Slang or Dial.]
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To be taken aback, To take advantage of, To take air, etc. See under Aback, Advantage, etc. -- To take aim, to direct the eye or weapon; to aim. -- To take along, to carry, lead, or convey. -- To take arms, to commence war or hostilities. -- To take away, to carry off; to remove; to cause deprivation of; to do away with; as, a bill for taking away the votes of bishops.By your own law, I take your life away.” Dryden. -- To take breath, to stop, as from labor, in order to breathe or rest; to recruit or refresh one's self. -- To take care, to exercise care or vigilance; to be solicitous.Doth God take care for oxen?” 1 Cor. ix. 9. -- To take care of, to have the charge or care of; to care for; to superintend or oversee. -- To take down. (a) To reduce; to bring down, as from a high, or higher, place; as, to take down a book; hence, to bring lower; to depress; to abase or humble; as, to take down pride, or the proud.I never attempted to be impudent yet, that I was not taken down.” Goldsmith. (b) To swallow; as, to take down a potion. (c) To pull down; to pull to pieces; as, to take down a house or a scaffold. (d) To record; to write down; as, to take down a man's words at the time he utters them. -- To take effect, To take fire. See under Effect, and Fire. -- To take ground to the right or To take ground to the left (Mil.), to extend the line to the right or left; to move, as troops, to the right or left. -- To take heart, to gain confidence or courage; to be encouraged. -- To take heed, to be careful or cautious.Take heed what doom against yourself you give.” Dryden. -- To take heed to, to attend with care, as, take heed to thy ways. -- To take hold of, to seize; to fix on. -- To take horse, to mount and ride a horse. -- To take in. (a) To inclose; to fence. (b) To encompass or embrace; to comprise; to comprehend. (c) To draw into a smaller compass; to contract; to brail or furl; as, to take in sail. (d) To cheat; to circumvent; to gull; to deceive. [Colloq.] (e) To admit; to receive; as, a leaky vessel will take in water. (f) To win by conquest. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]For now Troy's broad-wayed town
He shall take in.
Chapman.
[1913 Webster](g) To receive into the mind or understanding.Some bright genius can take in a long train of propositions.” I. Watts. (h) To receive regularly, as a periodical work or newspaper; to take. [Eng.] -- To take in hand. See under Hand. -- To take in vain, to employ or utter as in an oath.Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.” Ex. xx. 7. -- To take issue. See under Issue. -- To take leave. See Leave, n., 2. -- To take a newspaper, magazine, or the like, to receive it regularly, as on paying the price of subscription. -- To take notice, to observe, or to observe with particular attention. -- To take notice of. See under Notice. -- To take oath, to swear with solemnity, or in a judicial manner. -- To take on, to assume; to take upon one's self; as, to take on a character or responsibility. -- To take one's own course, to act one's pleasure; to pursue the measures of one's own choice. -- To take order for. See under Order. -- To take order with, to check; to hinder; to repress. [Obs.] Bacon. -- To take orders. (a) To receive directions or commands. (b) (Eccl.) To enter some grade of the ministry. See Order, n., 10. -- To take out. (a) To remove from within a place; to separate; to deduct. (b) To draw out; to remove; to clear or cleanse from; as, to take out a stain or spot from cloth. (c) To produce for one's self; as, to take out a patent. (d) To put an end to; as, to take the conceit out of a man. (e) To escort; as, to take out to dinner. -- To take over, to undertake; to take the management of. [Eng.] Cross (Life of G. Eliot). -- To take part, to share; as, they take part in our rejoicing. -- To take part with, to unite with; to join with. -- To take place, root, sides, stock, etc. See under Place, Root, Side, etc. -- To take the air. (a) (Falconry) To seek to escape by trying to rise higher than the falcon; -- said of a bird. (b) See under Air. -- To take the field. (Mil.) See under Field. -- To take thought, to be concerned