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WHITE - Definiția din dicționar

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White (hw&ī;t), a. [Compar. Whiter (hw&ī;t"&etilde_;r); superl. Whitest.] [OE. whit, AS. hw&ī;t; akin to OFries. and OS. hw&ī;t, D. wit, G. weiss, OHG. w&ī;z, hw&ī;z, Icel. hv&ī;tr, Sw. hvit, Dan. hvid, Goth. hweits, Lith. szveisti, to make bright, Russ. sviet' light, Skr. çv&ē;ta white, çvit to be bright. √42. Cf. Wheat, Whitsunday.]
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1. Reflecting to the eye all the rays of the spectrum combined; not tinted with any of the proper colors or their mixtures; having the color of pure snow; snowy; -- the opposite of black or dark; as, white paper; a white skin.Pearls white.” Chaucer.
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White as the whitest lily on a stream. Longfellow.
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2. Destitute of color, as in the cheeks, or of the tinge of blood color; pale; pallid; as, white with fear.
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Or whispering with white lips, “The foe!
They come! they come!”
Byron.
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3. Having the color of purity; free from spot or blemish, or from guilt or pollution; innocent; pure.
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White as thy fame, and as thy honor clear. Dryden.
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No whiter page than Addison's remains. Pope.
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4. Gray, as from age; having silvery hair; hoary.
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Your high engendered battles 'gainst a head
So old and white as this.
Shak.
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5. Characterized by freedom from that which disturbs, and the like; fortunate; happy; favorable.
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On the whole, however, the dominie reckoned this as one of the white days of his life. Sir W. Scott.
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6. Regarded with especial favor; favorite; darling.
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Come forth, my white spouse. Chaucer.
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I am his white boy, and will not be gullet. Ford.
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&hand_; White is used in many self-explaining compounds, as white-backed, white-bearded, white-footed.
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White alder. (Bot.) See Sweet pepper bush, under Pepper. -- White ant (Zo&ö;l.), any one of numerous species of social pseudoneuropterous insects of the genus Termes. These insects are very abundant in tropical countries, and form large and complex communities consisting of numerous asexual workers of one or more kinds, of large-headed asexual individuals called soldiers, of one or more queens (or fertile females) often having the body enormously distended by the eggs, and, at certain seasons of numerous winged males, together with the larvæ and pupæ of each kind in various stages of development. Many of the species construct large and complicated nests, sometimes in the form of domelike structures rising several feet above the ground and connected with extensive subterranean galleries and chambers. In their social habits they closely resemble the true ants. They feed upon animal and vegetable substances of various kinds, including timber, and are often very destructive to buildings and furniture. -- White arsenic (Chem.), arsenious oxide, As2O3, a substance of a white color, and vitreous adamantine luster, having an astringent, sweetish taste. It is a deadly poison. -- White bass (Zo&ö;l.), a fresh-water North American bass (Roccus chrysops) found in the Great Likes. -- White bear (Zo&ö;l.), the polar bear. See under Polar. -- White blood cell. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte. -- White brand (Zo&ö;l.), the snow goose. -- White brass, a white alloy of copper; white copper. -- White campion. (Bot.) (a) A kind of catchfly (Silene stellata) with white flowers. (b) A white-flowered Lychnis (Lychnis vespertina). -- White canon (R. C. Ch.), a Premonstratensian. -- White caps, the members of a secret organization in various of the United States, who attempt to drive away or reform obnoxious persons by lynch-law methods. They appear masked in white. Their actions resembled those of the Ku Klux Klan in some ways but they were not formally affiliated with the Klan, and their victims were often not black. -- White cedar (Bot.), an evergreen tree of North America (Thuja occidentalis), also the related Cupressus thyoides, or Chamæcyparis sphæroidea, a slender evergreen conifer which grows in the so-called cedar swamps of the Northern and Atlantic States. Both are much valued for their durable timber. In California the name is given to the Libocedrus decurrens, the timber of which is also useful, though often subject to dry rot. Goodale. The white cedar of Demerara, Guiana, etc., is a lofty tree (Icica altissima syn. Bursera altissima) whose fragrant wood is used for canoes and cabinetwork, as it is not attacked by insect. -- White cell. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte. -- White cell-blood (Med.), leucocythæmia. -- White clover (Bot.), a species of small perennial clover bearing white flowers. It furnishes excellent food for cattle and horses, as well as for the honeybee. See also under Clover. -- White copper, a whitish alloy of copper. See German silver, under German. -- White copperas (Min.), a native hydrous sulphate of iron; coquimbite. -- White coral (Zo&ö;l.), an ornamental branched coral (Amphihelia oculata) native of the Mediterranean. -- White corpuscle. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte. -- White cricket (Zo&ö;l.), the tree cricket. -- White crop, a crop of grain which loses its green color, or becomes white, in ripening, as wheat, rye, barley, and oats, as distinguished from a green crop, or a root crop. -- White currant (Bot.), a variety of the common red currant, having white berries. -- White daisy (Bot.), the oxeye daisy. See under Daisy. -- White damp, a kind of poisonous gas encountered in coal mines. Raymond. -- White elephant (Zo&ö;l.), (a) a whitish, or albino, variety of the Asiatic elephant. (b) see white elephant in the vocabulary. -- White elm (Bot.), a majestic tree of North America (Ulmus Americana), the timber of which is much used for hubs of wheels, and for other purposes. -- White ensign. See Saint George's ensign, under Saint. -- White feather, a mark or symbol of cowardice. See To show the white feather, under Feather, n. -- White fir (Bot.), a name given to several coniferous trees of the Pacific States, as Abies grandis, and Abies concolor. -- White flesher (Zo&ö;l.), the ruffed grouse. See under Ruffed. [Canada] -- White frost. See Hoarfrost. -- White game (Zo&ö;l.), the white ptarmigan. -- White garnet (Min.), leucite. -- White grass (Bot.), an American grass (Leersia Virginica) with greenish-white paleæ. -- White grouse. (Zo&ö;l.) (a) The white ptarmigan. (b) The prairie chicken. [Local, U. S.] -- White grub (Zo&ö;l.), the larva of the June bug and other allied species. These grubs eat the roots of grasses and other plants, and often do much damage. -- White hake (Zo&ö;l.), the squirrel hake. See under Squirrel. -- White hawk, or White kite (Zo&ö;l.), the hen harrier. -- White heat, the temperature at which bodies become incandescent, and appear white from the bright light which they emit. -- White hellebore (Bot.), a plant of the genus Veratrum (Veratrum album) See Hellebore, 2. -- White herring, a fresh, or unsmoked, herring, as distinguished from a red, or cured, herring. [R.] Shak. -- White hoolet (Zo&ö;l.),