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WIND - Definiția din dicționar

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Wind (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wound (wound) (rarely Winded); p. pr. & vb. n. Winding.] [OE. winden, AS. windan; akin to OS. windan, D. & G. winden, OHG. wintan, Icel. & Sw. vinda, Dan. vinde, Goth. windan (in comp.). Cf. Wander, Wend.]
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1. To turn completely, or with repeated turns; especially, to turn about something fixed; to cause to form convolutions about anything; to coil; to twine; to twist; to wreathe; as, to wind thread on a spool or into a ball.
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Whether to wind
The woodbine round this arbor.
Milton.
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2. To entwist; to infold; to encircle.
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Sleep, and I will wind thee in arms. Shak.
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3. To have complete control over; to turn and bend at one's pleasure; to vary or alter or will; to regulate; to govern.To turn and wind a fiery Pegasus.” Shak.
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In his terms so he would him wind. Chaucer.
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Gifts blind the wise, and bribes do please
And wind all other witnesses.
Herrick.
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Were our legislature vested in the prince, he might wind and turn our constitution at his pleasure. Addison.
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4. To introduce by insinuation; to insinuate.
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You have contrived . . . to wind
Yourself into a power tyrannical.
Shak.
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Little arts and dexterities they have to wind in such things into discourse. Gov. of Tongue.
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5. To cover or surround with something coiled about; as, to wind a rope with twine.
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To wind off, to unwind; to uncoil. -- To wind out, to extricate. [Obs.] Clarendon. -- To wind up. (a) To coil into a ball or small compass, as a skein of thread; to coil completely. (b) To bring to a conclusion or settlement; as, to wind up one's affairs; to wind up an argument. (c) To put in a state of renewed or continued motion, as a clock, a watch, etc., by winding the spring, or that which carries the weight; hence, to prepare for continued movement or action; to put in order anew.Fate seemed to wind him up for fourscore years.” Dryden.Thus they wound up his temper to a pitch.” Atterbury. (d) To tighten (the strings) of a musical instrument, so as to tune it.Wind up the slackened strings of thy lute.” Waller.
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Wind (?), v. i. 1. To turn completely or repeatedly; to become coiled about anything; to assume a convolved or spiral form; as, vines wind round a pole.
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So swift your judgments turn and wind. Dryden.
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2. To have a circular course or direction; to crook; to bend; to meander; as, to wind in and out among trees.
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And where the valley winded out below,
The murmuring main was heard, and scarcely heard, to flow.
Thomson.
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He therefore turned him to the steep and rocky path which . . . winded through the thickets of wild boxwood and other low aromatic shrubs. Sir W. Scott.
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3. To go to the one side or the other; to move this way and that; to double on one's course; as, a hare pursued turns and winds.
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The lowing herd wind &unr_;lowly o'er the lea. Gray.
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To wind out, to extricate one's self; to escape.
Long struggling underneath are they could wind
Out of such prison.
Milton.
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Wind (?), n. The act of winding or turning; a turn; a bend; a twist; a winding.
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Wind (wĭnd, in poetry and singing often w&ī;nd; 277), n. [AS. wind; akin to OS., OFries., D., & G. wind, OHG. wint, Dan. & Sw. vind, Icel. vindr, Goth winds, W. gwynt, L. ventus, Skr. v&ā;ta (cf. Gr. 'ah`ths a blast, gale, 'ah^nai to breathe hard, to blow, as the wind); originally a p. pr. from the verb seen in Skr. v&ā; to blow, akin to AS. w&ā;wan, D. waaijen, G. wehen, OHG. w&ā;en, w&ā;jen, Goth. waian. √131. Cf. Air, Ventail, Ventilate, Window, Winnow.]
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1. Air naturally in motion with any degree of velocity; a current of air.
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Except wind stands as never it stood,
It is an ill wind that turns none to good.
Tusser.
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Winds were soft, and woods were green. Longfellow.
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2. Air artificially put in motion by any force or action; as, the wind of a cannon ball; the wind of a bellows.
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3. Breath modulated by the respiratory and vocal organs, or by an instrument.
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Their instruments were various in their kind,
Some for the bow, and some for breathing wind.
Dryden.
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4. Power of respiration; breath.
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If my wind were but long enough to say my prayers, I would repent. Shak.
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5. Air or gas generated in the stomach or bowels; flatulence; as, to be troubled with wind.
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6. Air impregnated with an odor or scent.
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A pack of dogfish had him in the wind. Swift.
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7. A direction from which the wind may blow; a point of the compass; especially, one of the cardinal points, which are often called the four winds.
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Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain. Ezek. xxxvii. 9.
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&hand_; This sense seems to have had its origin in the East. The Hebrews gave to each of the four cardinal points the name of wind.
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8. (Far.) A disease of sheep, in which the intestines are distended with air, or rather affected with a violent inflammation. It occurs immediately after shearing.
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9. Mere breath or talk; empty effort; idle words.
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Nor think thou with wind
Of airy threats to awe.
Milton.
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10. (Zo&ö;l.) The dotterel. [Prov. Eng.]
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11. (Boxing) The region of the pit of the stomach, where a blow may paralyze the diaphragm and cause temporary loss of breath or other injury; the mark. [Slang or Cant]
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&hand_; Wind is often used adjectively, or as the first part of compound words.
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All in the wind. (Naut.) See under All, n. -- Before the wind. (Naut.) See under Before. -- Between wind and water (Naut.), in that part of a ship's side or bottom which is frequently brought above water by the rolling of the ship, or fluctuation of the water's surface. Hence, colloquially, (as an injury to that part of a vessel, in an engagement, is particularly dangerous) the vulnerable part or point of anything. -- Cardinal winds. See under Cardinal, a. -- Down the wind. (a) In the direction of, and moving with, the wind; as, birds fly swiftly down the wind. (b) Decaying; declining; in a state