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RUN - Definiția din dicționar

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Run (?), v. i. [imp. Ran (?) or Run; p. p. Run; p. pr. & vb. n. Running.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp. ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p. p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn, p. p. urnen); akin to D. runnen, rennen, OS. & OHG. rinnan, G. rinnen, rennen, Icel. renna, rinna, Sw. rinna, r&ä;nna, Dan. rinde, rende, Goth. rinnan, and perh. to L. oriri to rise, Gr. &unr_; to stir up, rouse, Skr. &unr_; (cf. Origin), or perh. to L. rivus brook (cf. Rival). √11. Cf. Ember, a., Rennet.] 1. To move, proceed, advance, pass, go, come, etc., swiftly, smoothly, or with quick action; -- said of things animate or inanimate. Hence, to flow, glide, or roll onward, as a stream, a snake, a wagon, etc.; to move by quicker action than in walking, as a person, a horse, a dog. Specifically: --
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2. Of voluntary or personal action: (a) To go swiftly; to pass at a swift pace; to hasten.
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Ha, ha, the fox!” and after him they ran. Chaucer.
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(b) To flee, as from fear or danger.
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As from a bear a man would run for life. Shak.
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(c) To steal off; to depart secretly.
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(d) To contend in a race; hence, to enter into a contest; to become a candidate; as, to run for Congress.
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Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain. 1 Cor. ix. 24.
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(e) To pass from one state or condition to another; to come into a certain condition; -- often with in or into; as, to run into evil practices; to run in debt.
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Have I not cause to rave and beat my breast, to rend my heart with grief and run distracted? Addison.
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(f) To exert continuous activity; to proceed; as, to run through life; to run in a circle. (g) To pass or go quickly in thought or conversation; as, to run from one subject to another.
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Virgil, in his first Georgic, has run into a set of precepts foreign to his subject. Addison.
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(h) To discuss; to continue to think or speak about something; -- with on. (i) To make numerous drafts or demands for payment, as upon a bank; -- with on. (j) To creep, as serpents.
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3. Of involuntary motion: (a) To flow, as a liquid; to ascend or descend; to course; as, rivers run to the sea; sap runs up in the spring; her blood ran cold. (b) To proceed along a surface; to extend; to spread.
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The fire ran along upon the ground. Ex. ix. 23.
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(c) To become fluid; to melt; to fuse.
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As wax dissolves, as ice begins to run. Addison.
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Sussex iron ores run freely in the fire. Woodward.
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(d) To turn, as a wheel; to revolve on an axis or pivot; as, a wheel runs swiftly round. (e) To travel; to make progress; to be moved by mechanical means; to go; as, the steamboat runs regularly to Albany; the train runs to Chicago. (f) To extend; to reach; as, the road runs from Philadelphia to New York; the memory of man runneth not to the contrary.
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She saw with joy the line immortal run,
Each sire impressed, and glaring in his son.
Pope.
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(g) To go back and forth from place to place; to ply; as, the stage runs between the hotel and the station. (h) To make progress; to proceed; to pass.
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As fast as our time runs, we should be very glad in most part of our lives that it ran much faster. Addison.
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(i) To continue in operation; to be kept in action or motion; as, this engine runs night and day; the mill runs six days in the week.
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When we desire anything, our minds run wholly on the good circumstances of it; when it is obtained, our minds run wholly on the bad ones. Swift.
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(j) To have a course or direction; as, a line runs east and west.
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Where the generally allowed practice runs counter to it. Locke.
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Little is the wisdom, where the flight
So runs against all reason.
Shak.
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(k) To be in form thus, as a combination of words.
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The king's ordinary style runneth, “Our sovereign lord the king.” Bp. Sanderson.
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(l) To be popularly known; to be generally received.
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Men gave them their own names, by which they run a great while in Rome. Sir W. Temple.
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Neither was he ignorant what report ran of himself. Knolles.
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(m) To have growth or development; as, boys and girls run up rapidly.
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If the richness of the ground cause turnips to run to leaves. Mortimer.
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(n) To tend, as to an effect or consequence; to incline.
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A man's nature runs either to herbs or weeds. Bacon.
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Temperate climates run into moderate governments. Swift.
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(o) To spread and blend together; to unite; as, colors run in washing.
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In the middle of a rainbow the colors are . . . distinguished, but near the borders they run into one another. I. Watts.
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(p) To have a legal course; to be attached; to continue in force, effect, or operation; to follow; to go in company; as, certain covenants run with the land.
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Customs run only upon our goods imported or exported, and that but once for all; whereas interest runs as well upon our ships as goods, and must be yearly paid. Sir J. Child.
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(q) To continue without falling due; to hold good; as, a note has thirty days to run. (r) To discharge pus or other matter; as, an ulcer runs. (s) To be played on the stage a number of successive days or nights; as, the piece ran for six months. (t) (Naut.) To sail before the wind, in distinction from reaching or sailing closehauled; -- said of vessels.
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4. Specifically, of a horse: To move rapidly in a gait in which each leg acts in turn as a propeller and a supporter, and in which for an instant all the limbs are gathered in the air under the body. Stillman (The Horse in Motion).
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5. (Athletics) To move rapidly by springing steps so that there is an instant in each step when neither foot touches the ground; -- so distinguished from walking in athletic competition.
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As things run, according to the usual order, conditions, quality, etc.; on the average; without selection or specification. -- To let run (Naut.), to allow to pass or move freely; to slacken or loosen. -- To run after, to pursue or follow; to search for; to endeavor to find or obtain; as, to run after similes. Locke. -- To run away, to flee; to escape; to elope; to run without control or guidance. -- To run away with. (a) To convey away hurriedly; to accompany in escape or elopement. (b) To drag rapidly and with violence; as, a horse runs away with a carriage. -- To run down. (a) To cease to work or operate on account of the exhaustion of the motive power; -- said of clocks, watches, etc. (b) To decline in condition; as, to run down in health. -- To run down a coast, to sail along it. -- To run for an office, to stand as a candidate for an office. -- To run in or To run into. (a) To enter; to step in. (b) To come in collision with. -- To run into To meet, by chance; as, I ran into my brother at the grocery store. -- To run in trust, to run in debt; to get credit. [Obs.] -- To run in with. (a) To close; to comply; to agree with. [R.] T. Baker. (b) (Naut.) To make toward; to near; to sail close to; as, to run in with the land. -- To run mad, To run mad after or To run mad on. See under Mad. -- To run on. (a) To be continued; as, their accounts had run on for a year or two without a settlement. (b) To talk incessantly. (c) To continue a course. (d) To press with jokes or ridicule; to abuse with sarcasm; to bear hard on. (e) (Print.) To be continued in the same lines, without making a break or beginning a new paragraph. -- To run out. (a) To come to an end; to expire; as, the lease runs out at Michaelmas. (b) To extend; to spread. “Insectile animals . . . run all out into legs.” Hammond. (c) To expatiate; as, to run out into beautiful digressions. (d) To be wasted or exhausted; to become poor; to become extinct; as, an estate managed without economy will soon run out.
[1913 Webster]And had her stock been less, no doubt
She must have long ago run out.
Dryden.
[1913 Webster]-- To run over. (a) To overflow; as, a cup runs over, or the liquor runs over. (b) To go over, examine, or rehearse cursorily. (c) To ride or drive over; as, to run over a child. -- To run riot, to go to excess. -- To run through. (a) To go through hastily; as to run through a book. (b) To spend wastefully; as, to run through an estate. -- To run to seed, to expend or exhaust vitality in producing seed, as a plant; figuratively and colloquially, to cease growing; to lose vital force, as the body or mind. -- To run up, to rise; to swell; to grow; to increase; as, accounts of goods credited run up very fast.
[1913 Webster]But these, having been untrimmed for many years, had run up into great bushes, or rather dwarf trees. Sir W. Scott.
[1913 Webster]-- To run with. (a) To be drenched with, so that streams flow; as, the streets ran with blood. (b) To flow while charged with some foreign substance. “Its rivers ran with gold.” J. H. Newman.

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Run (&unr_;), v. t. 1. To cause to run (in the various senses of Run, v. i.); as, to run a horse; to run a stage; to run a machine; to run a rope through a block.
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2. To pursue in thought; to carry in contemplation.
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To run the world back to its first original. South.
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I would gladly understand the formation of a soul, and run it up to its “punctum saliens.” Collier.
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3. To cause to enter; to thrust; as, to run a sword into or through the body; to run a nail into the foot.
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You run your head into the lion's mouth. Sir W. Scott.
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Having run his fingers through his hair. Dickens.
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